Quick Answer: What Viruses Have A Vaccine?

Has any virus been eradicated?

Two infectious diseases have successfully been eradicated: smallpox and rinderpest.

There are also four ongoing programs, targeting poliomyelitis, yaws, dracunculiasis, and malaria..

What vaccinations contain live viruses?

Currently available live attenuated viral vaccines are measles, mumps, rubella, vaccinia, varicella, zoster (which contains the same virus as varicella vaccine but in much higher amount), yellow fever, rotavirus, and influenza (intranasal).

Can a virus be treated?

For most viral infections, treatments can only help with symptoms while you wait for your immune system to fight off the virus. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are antiviral medicines to treat some viral infections. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.

How do viruses make you sick?

Viruses make us sick by killing cells or disrupting cell function. Our bodies often respond with fever (heat inactivates many viruses), the secretion of a chemical called interferon (which blocks viruses from reproducing), or by marshaling the immune system’s antibodies and other cells to target the invader.

What diseases don’t have a vaccine?

Vaccine Nation: 10 most important diseases without a licensed vaccineChagas disease (American trypanosomiasis)Chikungunya.Dengue.Cytomegalovirus.HIV/AIDS.Hookworm infection.Leishmaniasis.Malaria.More items…•

What diseases are viruses?

Viral diseasessmallpox.the common cold and different types of flu.measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and shingles.hepatitis.herpes and cold sores.polio.rabies.Ebola and Hanta fever.More items…

What virus has been eradicated?

To date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared only 2 diseases officially eradicated: smallpox caused by variola virus (VARV) and rinderpest caused by the rinderpest virus (RPV).

Can you treat a virus with a vaccine?

Live, attenuated vaccines fight viruses and bacteria. These vaccines contain a version of the living virus or bacteria that has been weakened so that it does not cause serious disease in people with healthy immune systems.

What viruses have been eradicated by vaccines?

So far, we’ve used vaccines to entirely wipe out two diseases: smallpox and rinderpest, which infects cattle. We’ve also come extremely close to eradicating polio, with less than 500 new cases annually, largely in Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan.

Which vaccines last for life?

A few vaccines, like the two for measles or the series for hepatitis B, may make you immune for your entire life. Others, like tetanus, last for many years but require periodic shots (boosters) for continued protection against the disease.

How do you avoid getting a virus?

Measures to takeAlways keep your hands clean. … Follow tips for Coughing and sneezing without contaminating.Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands. … Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth. … Avoid contact with people that are sick as they may be contagious.More items…•