Quick Answer: Can You Buy Theophylline Over The Counter?

Is there a substitute for theophylline?

Abstract: Doxofylline, which differs from theophylline in containing the dioxalane group at position 7, has comparable efficacy to theophylline in the treatment of respiratory diseases, but with an improved tolerability profile and a favorable risk-to-benefit ratio..

Does green tea have theophylline?

Black tea, green tea, and oolong tea are all made from the same plant but are prepared using different processing methods. Green tea extract contains polyphenols. … Other significant parts of tea include caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline. The polyphenols of green tea are strong antioxidants.

Is theophylline used for COPD?

Theophylline has been used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of COPD for over 70 years, but has lost popularity as better tolerated and more effective bronchodilators have been introduced.

Is there an over the counter bronchodilator?

Ephedrine. Ephedrine is a bronchodilator that is available OTC as an oral medication in combination with the expectorant guaifenesin. This combination is offered as tablets, caplets, or syrup. Brand names include Bronkaid and Primatene.

Is theophylline discontinued?

Reason for the Shortage Major has discontinued theophylline extended-release tablets. Teva has had theophylline extended-release tablets temporarily unavailable for several years. Theophylline 24-hour extended-release presentations are available from Mylan, Rhodes, and Endo Pharmaceuticals.

Does coffee contain methylxanthine?

Linked to three of the most consumed beverages (coffee, tea, and cacao) are the most popular methylxanthines: caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine (Table 1). Caffeine is the most abundant methylxanthine in coffee, its level being smaller in chocolate than in coffee.

Does coffee interact with theophylline?

theophylline caffeine Avoid drinks or foods that contain caffeine, such as coffee, tea, cola, and chocolate. You may need a dose adjustment or special test if you use both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs.

Why is theophylline not used?

For maintenance therapy of asthma, theophylline may be obsolete because it is merely a relatively weak bronchodilator that adds little but side effects to dose- optimized inhaled ~2-agents … and does not address the underlying inflammation, a fundamental charac- teristic of the disease.

Does theophylline cause weight loss?

Common side effects of Theo-24 include mild nausea, loss of appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea, upset stomach, weight loss, restlessness, tremor, sleep problems (insomnia), headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, sweating, restlessness, nervousness, or irritability.

What is the brand name for theophylline?

Theophylline is available under the following different brand names: Theo 24, Theochron, Elixophyllin, aminophylline, and Uniphyl.

Is theophylline a steroid?

It is not a steroid. “Theophylline relaxes the smooth muscles in your airways so they open up and can let air flow through them more easily,” says Asthma UK’s in-house GP Dr Andy Whittamore. When you take theophylline at home it’s usually as a tablet or capsule that lasts all day.

When should you take theophylline?

Take theophylline exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. Take this medication with a full glass of water on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.

Is theophylline a prescription drug?

Theophylline is a prescription drug. It’s available as an oral solution, an extended-release tablet, and an extended-release capsule. It’s also available in an intravenous (IV) form, which is only given by a healthcare provider. The theophylline tablet is only available as a generic drug.

Where can you find theophylline?

Theophylline is naturally found in cocoa beans. Amounts as high as 3.7 mg/g have been reported in Criollo cocoa beans. Trace amounts of theophylline are also found in brewed tea, although brewed tea provides only about 1 mg/l, which is significantly less than a therapeutic dose.

What foods contain theophylline?

Theophylline is found in black tea and to a lesser extent in green coffee, cocoa cotyledon and dried mate.